Opportunities for green hydrogen development

The development of the green hydrogen sector in Lithuania is one of the opportunities for achieving the country's decarbonisation goals, creating a climate-neutral economy and ensuring energy independence.

As part of the development of the hydrogen sector, analyses, studies, pilot or demonstration projects will be carried out in many areas of the hydrogen value chain by 2030. Pilot activities and broader analysis will enable the adaptation of industrial and transport sectors, infrastructure, competences and a wider use of hydrogen after 2030.

The main objective of Lithuania's energy policy is to create green hydrogen production capacity by utilising surplus RES electricity and producing higher value-added products for domestic use and export.

In order to reduce the negative impacts on climate change and the environmental impact that will have a significant impact on the development of the green hydrogen sector in Lithuania, the following main directions are identified:

  • to strengthen energy independence through the development of local RES-based energy;
  • to give preference to green hydrogen produced from indigenous RES or other clean energy sources;
  • to focus on the production of green hydrogen and derivative products that will be in demand in the industrial, heavy transport, energy and other sectors;
  • to exploit opportunities in the aviation and maritime transport sectors;
  • to develop a hydrogen transport network and infrastructure for domestic consumption and export of value-added products made from hydrogen;
  • to build competences across the hydrogen value chain and develop hydrogen technologies.

Key tasks the implementation of which would ensure sustainable development of the green hydrogen sector:

  • Developing RES generation capacity to meet green hydrogen demand;
  • Developing new green hydrogen production infrastructure and using existing energy production infrastructure to produce green hydrogen;
  • Creating a market for green hydrogen and its products;
  • Building infrastructure for transporting and storing hydrogen;
  • Regional social and economic development in Lithuania;
  • International cooperation to ensure the safety and certification of the production, use, storage, transport of hydrogen and synthetic fuels;
  • Ensuring technical safety and health standards for the production, use, storage and transport of hydrogen;
  • International cooperation and development of strategies to expand export, import and storage activities;
  • Investing in human capital to build skills and create jobs;
  • Investment planning for the green hydrogen value chain from production, supply, transport, storage and use;
  • Developing, deploying and exporting components and technologies for green hydrogen production.

Draft Guidelines for the Development of the Hydrogen Sector in Lithuania 2023-2030